Open Password - Freitag, den 14. Dezember 2018



Open Knowledge Foundation - Bundesgesetzblätter - Bundesanzeiger-Verlag - du Mont - Heise - COAlition S – Joe McShea – Outsell – Wellcome Trust – Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation – European Commission – Science Europe – OA Policy – Robert Kiley – PubMed Central – Europe PMC – Kisc Collection – Preprints – APCs – Stakholdes – Publishers – Robert Jan Smits – Academic Freedom



Open Knowledge Foundation veröffentlicht alle Bundesgesetzblätter im Internet

Im Konflikt mit Bundesanzeiger-Verlag

"Die Open Knowledge Foundation riskiert die Konfrontation mit dem Bundesanzeiger Verlag und veröffentlicht alle Bundesgesetzblätter frei im Internet. …  . Die Stiftung riskiert damit einen Rechtsstreit mit dem Kölner Bundesanzeiger Verlag. Das Unternehmen, das im Jahr 2006 privatisiert wurde, erhebt Urheberrecht auf die Datenbank der Gesetzblätter.

In Deutschland treten Gesetze der Bundesrepublik erst dann in Kraft, wenn sie im Bundesgesetzblatt erscheinen. Herausgeber ist der Bundesanzeiger Verlag, der zur Kölner Verlagsgruppe Dumont gehört. Bürger können die Gesetzestexte auf dem Portal einzeln kostenlos ansehen. "Sie können aber nicht gedruckt, durchsucht oder kopiert werden", beklagt die Stiftung. Der Bundesanzeiger Verlag verbiete die Weiterverwendung. "Wer die Gesetzblätter des Staates nutzen will, muss dem privaten Verlag Abo-Gebühren zahlen."

Die Open Knowledge Foundation werde nun alle Gesetzesblätter auf frei zugänglich machen.  … "Es ist möglich, dass der Verlag die Open Knowledge Foundation wegen Verletzung des Urheberrechts abmahnt, was eine grundsätzliche Klärung dieser Frage ermöglichen würde", erklärte ein Sprecher. Eine Stellungnahme des Bundesanzeiger Verlags steht zur Stunde noch aus.“  



Further Steps for European Open Access

Stronger by New Members
Wellcome Traust and the Gates Foundation

By Joe McShea, Lead Analyst, Outsell (London)


While widely expected, confirmation of  two newest members, the Welcome Trust and the Gates Foundation, will be influential, not least because it signals the first practical details about its implementation.


Important Details


The Wellcome Trust (Wellcome) and The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (Gates) have announced their joining cOAlition S, the group of funders established by the European Commission and Science Europe to make full, immediate open access (OA) to scientific research publications a reality. They are the first global charitable foundation funders to join the coalition, alongside 13 European national funders, and the most high-profile.

The cOAlition S news came in parallel with Wellcome announcing its updated OA policy, the review of which was launched earlier this year. Robert Kiley, Head of Open Research at Wellcome, said that the organization wanted the policy “to support a transition to a fully open access world, where no research is behind a paywall.” Key updates to the policy include the following:

• All Wellcome-funded research is to be made freely available (through PubMed Central and Europe PMC) at the time of publication. The six-month embargo period previously allowed will no longer be in place.

• All articles must be published under a Creative Commons attribution license (CC-BY), to allow all research articles to be reused, rather than just those for which an APC has been paid.

• The cost of publishing in hybrid OA journals will no longer be supported. Grant holders cannot ask for these costs in their applications, and they will not be able to use funds to pay for these costs. Between January 1, 2020, and December 31, 2021, organizations will be able to use Wellcome OA funds for publication costs associated with Jisc Collections transformative OA agreements (or equivalents), assuming the agreement permits 100% of research to be published immediately as OA. Wellcome will publish a list of approved agreements before January 1, 2020.

• Preprints are to be published before peer review, on an approved platform supporting immediate publication, and under a CC-BY license in the event of a significant public health issue (such as a disease outbreak where there is a public health benefit to research being shared quickly and broadly).

• To encourage organizations to “consider the intrinsic merit of the work … not just the title of the journal or publisher” during promotion and tenure assessments, Wellcome-funded organizations must commit to the San Francisco Declaration of Research Assessment (DORA) or equivalents.

The implementation of any APC caps was not addressed at this stage. The policy notes that Wellcome will “provide grantholders with funding to cover reasonable APCs for articles” published in fully OA journals or via appropriate platforms. In the associated FAQ document, Wellcome states: “We will work with our funding partners to agree [on] a consistent approach towards defining what a ‘reasonable’ APC amount is.”

The updated policy will apply to any article, including original peer-reviewed research, starting January 1, 2020. At this stage, it does not include monographs and book chapters, although Wellcome’s policy there remains under review.

The policy update from Wellcome fully aligns it with the principles of Plan S, and researchers and organizations not complying with the policy will be subject to sanctions. Gates will also be updating its OA policy within the next 12 months. It is already largely in line with Plan S, except for the ban on publishing in hybrid journals.


Why This Matters


It’s no real surprise that Wellcome and Gates have joined cOAlition S – they’ve both been leading OA mandators for years – but it will be an influential decision. While it may help persuade other funders to join cOAlition S, more importantly, it adds real, high-profile weight to the group: In recent Outsell research Wellcome was ranked first and Gates joint second in terms of the most impactful funders by publishers. It also makes cOAlition S more global, which will also lend weight to its cause outside of Europe — indeed, two US funders are understood to be signing on in the coming weeks.

We continue to see Plan S as flawed but significant and with the potential to be highly impactful — but it is clear that it is also proving divisive. There are vocal elements of the researcher community who have come out against Plan S despite being pro-OA. On the publisher side, no one could expect traditional subscription publishers, particularly those with hybrid-focused OA portfolios, to be thrilled by it. The original announcement, however, was such a vacuum of practicality that meaningful reaction has been difficult — and not helped by Smits’ assertion that it is up to the publishers to work out how to respond to it. The new Wellcome OA policy helps here, underlining its already well-regarded pragmatic approach when it comes to working with other market stakeholders. It is the first cOAlition S funder to spell out its requirements for Plan S, putting some meat on the bones for publishers and researchers trying to better understand the logistics of what it means for them. The public consultation on the implementation ideas of the other cOAlition S funders, which was just launched cannot come soon enough.

When it was announced, cOAlition S stated its intention to coordinate with other funders, researchers, universities, libraries, and publishers on the speedy implementation of its principles. We think its approach to date, under Smits, has been counterproductive. He has been dismissive of researchers describing Plan S as necessary because researchers have been “irresponsible” in chasing journal impact factors, and shared similarly myopic views on Society publishers (“they will have to bite the bullet and go open access” — as if it were that simple!)

Plan S needs stakeholder buy-in to succeed; otherwise, it will remain a small group of funders controlling less than 1% of the global research budget and around 5% of annual global research article output, preventing researchers publishing in 85% of journals. However much they may also agree with OA in principle, publishers and researchers have concerns about academic freedom for researchers, for example, and the impact of OA on the publisher bottom line that are real and cannot simply be dismissed. We hope the Wellcome announcement is the start of more tangible plans and details coming out of cOAlition S. In the meantime, publishers are left calculating what it could mean to their revenues on a funder-by-funder basis with concerns that, rather than creating a more unified move toward OA, it could facilitate a shrunken, more divided ecosystem of those who can afford to publish OA and those who can’t.

Provider´s Corner


Sören Auer erhält ERC Consolidator Grant

Prof. Dr. Sören Auer, Direktor der TIB – Leibniz-Informationszentrum Technik und Naturwissenschaften und Professor für Data Science & Digital Libraries an der Leibniz Universität Hannover, erhält einen der renommierten Consolidator Grants des Europäischen Forschungsrates (ERC). Die von der Europäischen Union mit einer Gesamtsumme von 573 Millionen Euro finanzierten Wissenschaftspreise sollen Spitzenwissenschaftler bei ihren visionären Grundlagenforschungen unterstützen. 2018 wurden europaweit 291 der prestigeträchtigen ERC Consolidator Grants vergeben. Bei 2.389 Bewerbungen entspricht dies einer Erfolgsquote von lediglich zwölf Prozent.

Für Auers Forschungsarbeit mit dem Thema „ScienceGraph – Knowledge Graph based Representation, Augmentation and Exploration of Scholarly Communication“ stellt die Europäische Union Auer in den kommenden fünf Jahren zwei Millionen Euro zur Verfügung. Das Projekt wird im Joint Lab „Data Science & Open Knowledge“ von der TIB und dem Forschungszentrum L3S der Leibniz Universität angesiedelt sein.

Revolutionierung der wissenschaftlichen Zusammenarbeit. Wie kann der Umgang mit Informationen, Daten und Wissen verbessert und effektiver gestaltet werden? Wie können Wissen und Informationen angesichts des enormen technologischen Fortschritts digital vernetzt werden, um sie künftig besser maschinell nutzbar zu machen? Wie kann der Wandel von dokumentenzentriertem Wissensaustausch in Wissenschaft und Forschung hin zu stärker wissensbasierten Informationsflüssen erfolgen? Mit diesen Fragen beschäftigen sich Auer und sein Team an der TIB und dem Forschungszentrum L3S in Hannover.

„Wissensaustausch in der Forschung erfolgt heutzutage noch immer über Dokumente. Genau genommen hat sich die Art und Weise, wie wissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse weitergegeben werden, seit Jahrhunderten nicht grundlegend verändert. Und das, obwohl wir ein immer schnelleres Tempo bei der Entwicklung von neuen digitalen Technologien erleben“, so Auer. „Mit der Anerkennung des ERC haben wir nun die Möglichkeit, unsere Forschungen zu einem stärker bedeutungsorientierten Wissensaustausch durch semantische Datenbanken, sogenannte Wissensgraphen, zu intensivieren, und damit Forschung effektiver zu gestalten und in das Zeitalter der Digitalisierung zu führen“, freut sich Auer.

Weiterführende Informationen zu Vorarbeiten zum Forschungsprojekt finden sich unter und Auer wird in Kürze in Open Password über den ScienceGraph berichten,

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Push-Dienst Archiv 2016/2017

Push-Dienst Archiv 2016 Frisch per E-Mail: Aktuelle Beiträge und Meldungen Mit dem Password Push-Dienst sind sie bestens informiert. Kostenfrei und regelmäßig informiert der Newsletter über die Informationsbranche. Per Klick können Sie den jeweiligen Push-Dienst öffnen. April 2016 Gescheiterter Protest - 5 vor dem Komma - Wochenrückblick Unternehmensbibliotheken zwischen Neupositionierung und Überlebenskampf Welcher Interessensverbund vertritt die Information Professionals? Oh wie schön …


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